SOME OF THE MAIN TYPES OF PSYCHOTHERAPY ARE OUTLINED BELOW.
PSYCHODYNAMIC (PSYCHOANALYTIC) PSYCHOTHERAPY
PSYCHOANALYSIS IS BASED ON THE MODERN DEVELOPMENTS OF THE THEORIES OF SIGMUND FREUD. FREUD BELIEVED THAT BAD THOUGHTS AND EXPERIENCES FROM CHILDHOOD ARE REPRESSED BUT CONTINUE TO INFLUENCE YOUR FEELINGS AS AN ADULT.
IN PSYCHOANALYSIS, YOU TALK ABOUT YOUR PERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS AND THE THOUGHTS YOU HAVE ABOUT OTHER PEOPLE. YOU'RE ENCOURAGED TO DISCUSS THE PAST AS WELL AS THE PRESENT.
THIS ALLOWS THE THERAPIST TO IDENTIFY LINKS BETWEEN PAST EVENTS AND HOW YOU THINK AND ACT NOW. THIS FORM OF PSYCHOTHERAPY IS USUALLY QUITE INTENSIVE AND REQUIRES LONG-TERM COMMITMENT.
PSYCHODYNAMIC THERAPY IS A LESS INTENSIVE FORM OF PSYCHOANALYSIS THAT USES SIMILAR TECHNIQUES, BUT AIMS TO FIND QUICKER SOLUTIONS TO MORE IMMEDIATE PROBLEMS.
ART, MUSIC AND MOVEMENT THERAPIES OFTEN USE THE PSYCHODYNAMIC MODEL OF WORKING, BUT ENCOURAGE ALTERNATIVE FORMS OF SELF-EXPRESSION AND COMMUNICATION AS WELL AS TALKING. EVEN YOUNG CHILDREN CAN TAKE PART – THIS IS KNOWN AS PLAY THERAPY. MUSICAL OR TECHNICAL SKILLS ARE NOT NEEDED FOR THIS TYPE OF THERAPY TO BE SUCCESSFUL.
Transpersonal psychology is a sub-field or "school" of psychology that integrates the spiritual and transcendentaspects of the human experience with the framework of modern psychology. It is also possible to define it as a "spiritual psychology". The transpersonal is defined as "experiences in which the sense of identity or self extends beyond (trans) the individual or personal to encompass wider aspects of humankind, life, psyche or cosmos". It has also been defined as "development beyond conventional, personal or individual levels".
Issues considered in transpersonal psychology include spiritual self-development, self beyond the ego, peak experiences, mystical experiences, systemic trance, spiritual crises, spiritual evolution, religious conversion, altered states of consciousness, spiritual practices, and other sublime and/or unusually expanded experiences of living. The discipline attempts to describe and integrate spiritual experience within modern psychological theory and to formulate new theory to encompass such experience.
Transpersonal psychology has made several contributions to the academic field, and the studies of human development, consciousness and spirituality. Transpersonal psychology has also made contributions to the fields of psychotherapy and psychiatry.